Euclid : un subtil amalgame pour un résultat cosmologique plus précis

Au terme de trois années de travail, une équipe de la collaboration Euclid, coordonnée par l’Irfu, dévoile une nouvelle méthode pour traiter conjointement les observations ciblant spécifiquement la matière noire ou l’énergie noire, deux concepts distincts mais corrélés. Résultat : une précision de l’interprétation cosmologique grandement améliorée !

La quête de l’origine de l’accélération cosmique

Déterminer la cause de l’accélération cosmique est l’un des grands défis de la cosmologie. S’agit-il d’une constante (ΛCDM) ou d’un nouveau fluide (énergie noire, DE) ? Existe-t-il une nouvelle force qui modifie la gravité telle que décrite par Einstein (gravité modifiée, MG) ?

Le CEA travaille sur l’analyse de l’énergie noire et de la gravité modifiée dans le cadre de la mission Planck de l’Agence spatiale européenne (ESA) qui a mesuré le rayonnement du fond diffus cosmologique (CMB), la lumière émise 380 000 ans après le big bang. Dans la publication finale des données, nous avons actualisé et testé différents scénarios combinant les résultats de Planck à d’autres jeux de données.

Euclid preparation: VI. Verifying the Performance of Cosmic Shear Experiments

Euclid preparation: VI. Verifying the Performance of Cosmic Shear Experiments

Authors: Euclid Collaboration, P. Paykari, ..., S. Farrens, M. Kilbinger, V. Pettorino, S. Pires, J.-L. Starck, F. Sureau, et al.
Journal: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Year: 2020
DOI:  10.1051/0004-6361/201936980
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ADS | arXiv

 


Abstract

Our aim is to quantify the impact of systematic effects on the inference of cosmological parameters from cosmic shear. We present an end-to-end approach that introduces sources of bias in a modelled weak lensing survey on a galaxy-by-galaxy level. Residual biases are propagated through a pipeline from galaxy properties (one end) through to cosmic shear power spectra and cosmological parameter estimates (the other end), to quantify how imperfect knowledge of the pipeline changes the maximum likelihood values of dark energy parameters. We quantify the impact of an imperfect correction for charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) and modelling uncertainties of the point spread function (PSF) for Euclid, and find that the biases introduced can be corrected to acceptable levels.

Euclid preparation. V. Predicted yield of redshift 7 < z < 9 quasars from the wide survey

Euclid preparation: V. Predicted yield of redshift 7

Authors: Euclid Collaboration, R. Barnett, ..., S. Farrens, M. Kilbinger, V. Pettorino, F. Sureau, et al.
Journal: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Year: 2019
DOI:  10.1051/0004-6361/201936427
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ADS | arXiv

 


Abstract

We provide predictions of the yield of 7<z<9 quasars from the Euclid wide survey, updating the calculation presented in the Euclid Red Book in several ways. We account for revisions to the Euclid near-infrared filter wavelengths; we adopt steeper rates of decline of the quasar luminosity function (QLF; Φ) with redshift, Φ∝10k(z−6), k=−0.72, and a further steeper rate of decline, k=−0.92; we use better models of the contaminating populations (MLT dwarfs and compact early-type galaxies); and we use an improved Bayesian selection method, compared to the colour cuts used for the Red Book calculation, allowing the identification of fainter quasars, down to JAB∼23. Quasars at z>8 may be selected from Euclid OYJH photometry alone, but selection over the redshift interval 7<z<8 is greatly improved by the addition of z-band data from, e.g., Pan-STARRS and LSST. We calculate predicted quasar yields for the assumed values of the rate of decline of the QLF beyond z=6. For the case that the decline of the QLF accelerates beyond z=6, with k=−0.92, Euclid should nevertheless find over 100 quasars with 7.0<z<7.5, and ∼25 quasars beyond the current record of z=7.5, including ∼8 beyond z=8.0. The first Euclid quasars at z>7.5 should be found in the DR1 data release, expected in 2024. It will be possible to determine the bright-end slope of the QLF, 7<z<8, M1450<−25, using 8m class telescopes to confirm candidates, but follow-up with JWST or E-ELT will be required to measure the faint-end slope. Contamination of the candidate lists is predicted to be modest even at JAB∼23. The precision with which k can be determined over 7<z<8 depends on the value of k, but assuming k=−0.72 it can be measured to a 1 sigma uncertainty of 0.07.

The impact of baryonic physics and massive neutrinos on weak lensing peak statistics

The impact of baryonic physics and massive neutrinos on weak lensing peak statistics

 

Authors: M. Fong, M. Choi, V. Catlett, B. Lee, A. Peel, R. Bowyer,  L. J. King, I. G. McCarthy
Journal: MNRAS
Year: 2019
Download: ADS | arXiv


Abstract

We study the impact of baryonic processes and massive neutrinos on weak lensing peak statistics that can be used to constrain cosmological parameters. We use the BAHAMAS suite of cosmological simulations, which self-consistently include baryonic processes and the effect of massive neutrino free-streaming on the evolution of structure formation. We construct synthetic weak lensing catalogues by ray-tracing through light-cones, and use the aperture mass statistic for the analysis. The peaks detected on the maps reflect the cumulative signal from massive bound objects and general large-scale structure. We present the first study of weak lensing peaks in simulations that include both baryonic physics and massive neutrinos (summed neutrino mass Mν = 0.06, 0.12, 0.24, and 0.48 eV assuming normal hierarchy), so that the uncertainty due to physics beyond the gravity of dark matter can be factored into constraints on cosmological models. Assuming a fiducial model of baryonic physics, we also investigate the correlation between peaks and massive haloes, over a range of summed neutrino mass values. As higher neutrino mass tends to suppress the formation of massive structures in the Universe, the halo mass function and lensing peak counts are therefore modified as a function of Mν. Over most of the S/N range, the impact of fiducial baryonic physics is greater (less) than neutrinos for 0.06 and 0.12 (0.24 and 0.48) eV models. Both baryonic physics and massive neutrinos should be accounted for when deriving cosmological parameters from weak lensing observations.