Friction in Gravitational Waves: a test for early-time modified gravity

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Authors: Pettorino, V., Amendola, L.
Journal: Physics Letters B
Year: 2015
Download: ADS | arXiv


Modified gravity theories predict in general a non standard equation for the propagation of gravitational waves. Here we discuss the impact of modified friction and speed of tensor modes on cosmic microwave polarization B modes. We show that the non standard friction term, parametrized by αM, is degenerate with the tensor-to-scalar ratio r, so that small values of r can be compensated by negative constant values of αM. We quantify this degeneracy and its dependence on the epoch at which αM is different from the standard, zero, value and on the speed of gravitational waves cT. In the particular case of scalar-tensor theories, αM is constant and strongly constrained by background and scalar perturbations, 0≤αM<0.01 and the degeneracy with r is removed. In more general cases however such tight bounds are weakened and the B modes can provide useful constraints on early-time modified gravity.

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Author: Samuel Farrens

I have been a postdoctoral researcher at CEA Saclay since October 2015. I am currently working on the DEDALE project and the Euclid mission with Jean-Luc Starck.

My background is in optical detection of clusters of galaxies and photometric redshift estimation. I am now branching out into the field of PSF estimation using sparse signal processing techniques.

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