NC-PDNet: a Density-Compensated Unrolled Network for 2D and 3D non-Cartesian MRI Reconstruction

Deep Learning has become a very promising avenue for magnetic resonance image (MRI) reconstruction. In this work, we explore the potential of unrolled networks for the non-Cartesian acquisition setting. We design the NC-PDNet, the first density-compensated unrolled network and validate the need for its key components via an ablation study. Moreover, we conduct some generalizability experiments to test our network in out-of-distribution settings, for example training on knee data and validating on brain data. The results show that the NC-PDNet outperforms the baseline models visually and quantitatively in the 2D settings. Additionally, in the 3D settings, it outperforms them visually. In particular, in the 2D multi-coil acquisition scenario, the NC-PDNet provides up to a 1.2 dB improvement in peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) over baseline networks, while also allowing a gain of at least 1 dB in PSNR in generalization settings. We provide the opensource implementation of our network, and in particular the Non-uniform Fourier Transform in TensorFlow, tested on 2D multi-coil and 3D data.

Reference: Z. Ramzi,  Chaithya G.R.,  J.-L. Starck and P. Ciuciu “NC-PDNet: a Density-Compensated Unrolled Network for 2D and 3D non-Cartesian MRI Reconstruction.

This conference paper presents an adaptation of unrolled networks to the challenging setup of Non-Cartesian MRI Reconstruction. It also introduces the implementation of the Non-Uniform Fast Fourier Transform in TensorFlow: tfkbnufft.
It has been accepted at ISBI 2021.